Chinese vote in local elections (French - Archive)
Author Eric said to me that the world is changing revolutions, elections, and other ways, but the most peaceful two changes found on the most important countries in the world, namely China and the United States.
He explained to me - in an article in The New York Times - that next year will see the U.S. presidential and congressional elections, and China will witness the emergence of a new leadership of her party, the Communist Party.
The author said that one question imposes itself in these circumstances is: "What is the best way to judge?"
The writer to the book written by the American thinker Francis Fukuyama entitled "Origins of the political system", where he said that the success of one-party system in China does not solve the problem of bad ruling, namely: How is the bad, and when the ruling is isolated in this case. He also pointed to an article written by columnist explaining the idea from another angle, namely, that the Chinese Communist Party, despite his popularity does not give up power when losing popularity.
The author said that one-Communist Party of China established in the Chinese Constitution democracy taking hold in the Chinese Constitution, and explain the popularity of the Communist Party of China said that it stems from the support the Constitution, and the U.S. support of the two parties Republican and Democrat is necessarily not linked to the electoral system democratic, and here lies the difference.
The author said that some see the need to go the Chinese Communist Party once he loses popular support, and said that this assumption is misplaced because it also means that the United States to repeal the Bill of Rights if the electoral system where the people's support, and looking for a new form of governance may be authoritarian .
The author said that since the founding of the PRC in 1949, under the leadership of one political party, including changes in government policies as widely as possible. Starting with the so-called "coalition of the new democracy" at the beginning of the process of land reform exciting early fifties of the last century, and the Great Leap to the semi-privatization of agricultural land in the sixties, and the Cultural Revolution to market reform in the era of Deng Jiao Ping, and the redefinition of Jiang Zemin, the party through " the theory of Three Represents ", the result is difficult to differentiate between the stages of Chinese domestic policy from time to time.
In terms of foreign policy, says writer that China has moved from the close alliance with the former Soviet Union in the fifties, to the Alliance default with America in the seventies and eighties, but today they are moving independently and seek a multipolar world, and this despite taking a number of leaders, leadership.
The author said that the records of electoral systems around the world indicate that the rotation of the party through elections may not provide the necessary flexibility or self-correction, in the United States may result in the election for new heads and a new majority in Congress, but it does not seem to have much to address the problems of America the long term.
In Europe governments go and come regularly through elections, but did not produce the minimum of the patch is needed to address their problems huge, and the same thing in Japan, where Prime Minister each year, as the failed elections and rotation in the country out of the ongoing recession in 20 years. Perhaps this explains the reason for governments produced by elections less than 50% of the level of support in their countries, while the retained one-party government in China's approval ratings exceeding 80% over the decades.
The writer concluded to the conclusion that the electoral rotation will not necessarily get the necessary legitimacy and flexibility, and the one-party rule does not necessarily mean that he does not enjoy solid public support.
Source: Christian Science Monitor